Sustainable manufacturing is the future of the industry. More and more system and machine need to be employed in this field to increase the productivity and quality. In recent years, smart materials become a constant choice of many researcher to actively innovate the design and manufacture process of these kind of commercial machinery. This project from VGU on the tele-manipulator is an example for the success of smart material application.

1. General information

Project title: Design and manufacture of 4-DOF tele-manipulator with force/moment feedback system featuring smart materials
Code number: KYTH-114
Coordinator: Nguyen Quoc Hung
Implementing institution: Vietnamese German University
Duration: from 6/2018 to 12/2019
Design and manufacture a 4-DOF tele-manipulator with force/moment feedback system using smart material (MR fluid) based brakes

2. Creativeness and innovativeness in using smart materials

There have been many studies on force feedback mechanisms and some have been commercialized. In the past, most force feedback systems used electric motors and pneumatic actuators to reflect the force and torque in the working environment to the operator. The basic disadvantages of the electric motor feedback system are the bulky structure, slow response time, and low mobility. In recent years, with the strong development of research and application of smart materials, especially MR fluid, there have been a number of researches on force feedback mechanism using MR fluid. Simulation and empirical results from these studies have shown that MR fluid liked smart material has the potential to be applied in force feedback mechanisms. Although there have been a number of studies on MR fluid based force feedback systems, here are very few studies on the development of feedback systems for industrial robots that are widely used.

In 2016, PhD Nguyen Ngoc Diep and I successfully conducted the research project “Research, design and manufacture of a tele-manipulator with force feedback”. However, the ability to feedback the force from the working end-effector of the Slave to the operator of the Master is not good due to the large friction force and due to the implicit reverse problem to determine the torque at the joints of the mechanical arm. This is because the Master arm in that study is a 3-DOF Elbow manipulating mechanism.

In this study, utilizing the smart materials, we proposed a new 4-DOF tele-manipulator system featuring a spherical master manipulator, 3 rotary MR brakes and one linear MR brake. With this type of master mechanism, the basic disadvantages of the master elbow manipulator are overcome. The feedback forces can be controlled independently so it is convenient for precise control of the desired forces acting on the operator. In addition, this Master mechanism is very convenient to attach an MRF brake at the end to feedback the rolling torque.


The usage of MR fluid smart material create new direction for the project

3. Research results

After completing this research project, we have achieved the following results
– Proposing the configuration and working principle of force feedback featuring a master spherical mechanism and MR brakes (smart material MR fluid).
– Design of 4-DOF master and slave systems integrated force feedback mechanism with maximum feedback force up to 40N, feedback torque up to 5Nm.
– Develop a position and force feedback controller for the Master-Slave system
– Manufacturing the Master-Slave system with force feedback
– Develop an experimental system to evaluate the performance of the Master-Slave system
– Training 01 Master student
– Publications related to the topic.

4. Products:

a) Scientific products
– 01 ISI article
– 02 domestic / international conferences
– 02 international articles (Scopus)
– 01 domestic article

b) Applied Products
– A detailed drawings of the 4-DOF tele-manipulator system with smart materials force feedback
– A prototype of the 4-DOF tele-manipulator system with force feedback using MR brakes.

5. Transfer alternatives, application institutions, impacts and benefits of research results

a) Transfer method:

Technology transfer – commercialize products

b) Application address:

– Smart materials and system Lab, Vietnamese German University
– Further development for practical applications such as pick-place, assembly in hazardous and dangerous environments when required.

c) Benefits of research results

– Relevant scientific publications contribute to the enhancement of the scientific research position of Vietnam-Germany University. The study also contributed to the training of 01 master student. In addition, the project supports to build a research group on smart materials and systems at Vietnamese-German University. Moreover, the subject’s products can be replicated for research and teaching activities at universities in Vietnam.

– The research results create a new development in remotely controlling industrial robots working in dangerous and hazardous environments with force feedback and bring many applications in future.

– The research results contribute in improving labor efficiency in hazardous environments; contribute to minimize labor accidents affecting human health when working directly in hazardous environments.



Obstacle on the rail is the number one factor causing an accident for train transport. Therefore, a useful and practical monitor system plays an essential part in train safety. The new project from VGU tackles this matter with the use of wireless technology and simulation in research and has shown tremendous results.

1. Utilize the wireless technology application

Though not a new approach when it came to monitoring field, wireless technology has proved to be extremely convenient and call for further research to deploy its full potential.


Project title:
Design of a new monitor system for railroad and obstruction based on wireless technology to improve train safety
Code number: B2018-VGU-07
Coordinator: Dr. Do Xuan Phu
Implementing institution: Vietnamese-German University
Duration: from 1st January 2018 to 1st January 2019. The project has been expanded to 31st December 2019

2. Objectives

The main objective of the research project is to design, fabricate, and test the monitoring system for train rails based on a wireless technology system to detect safety barriers for railway traffic early. The parameters of the box follow the specific objectives as follows:

+ The size of the monitoring box is expected to be between 150 x 80 x 60 mm (length x width x height). This size depends on the sensor components, circuits, batteries,… arranged inside the box.

+ Energy-saving activities, with battery capacity operating 24/24 hours for a maximum of 1 month. The battery capacity lasts for a long time, depending on the data update adjustment to the monitoring wireless technology network.

+ Monitoring box for transferring data information is adjustable, at least 1 minute updated 1 time.

+ Connection to each other via a private wireless technology network, the connection distance between two consecutive boxes is 5 meters (this is the minimum expected range). As expected, the private network, however, if conditions allow it to be connected via the accessible internet in our country.

+ Range scan for a box within a distance of 5 meters. This is also the most extensive scan of the sensor system placed inside the box.

+ Monitoring box can use solar energy to provide monitoring. The estimated solar energy supply is 30 W. Note: this value does not include the solar cell conversion efficiency.

+ The ability of waterproofing in high rain conditions and the high humidity of our country.

+ The measurement error and information processing of the box does not exceed 5%. This difference is interpreted as the ability of the intelligent algorithm to apply in distinguishing shapes not exceeding 5% of the error.


The monitoring box using wireless technology

3. Subjects of the study

Through the above analysis, the study object is the current railway monitoring system; the selected area is intersected with the residential road. The study will focus on designing the technical monitoring box with the most economical price and the wireless technology connection and development of the signal processing algorithm from the box. The design of a monitoring connection box is based on the following combinations:

a. The circuit connects the sensor and wireless signal: the circuit is selected so that the structure is compact, uniform (easy to replace), easy to repair and maintain.

b. Signal collection sensor: The expected signal is the signal from the shape sensor (infrared), distance signal, signal to detect moving objects.

c. Wireless technology signal generator circuit and from there will connect to the central signal processing cluster for the final result.

d. The battery pack maintains the operation of the circuits and sensors with the goal of enough energy and savings so that the longest use time. The maintenance of this energy depends on updating the signal over time, for example: 1 minute/time, 5 minutes/time,…

Signal processing connection design focuses on:

a. Signal processing algorithm: clustering method, adaptive method, fuzzy model algorithm, neural networks. These algorithms will be reviewed and developed in combination with each other to increase the processing capability against signal interference. This is the core of the signal processing connection design.

b. The basic hardware system to apply this algorithm: computers and connectors collect wireless technology data from the monitoring box.

4. Approach and method of the research

The study was approached by the method

a. Calculation in research: calculate the interconnection of devices together, the ability to use energy efficiently.

b. Simulation in research: the signal processing process is simulated on a computer to test the effectiveness of the proposed processing algorithm, the ability of the network system to be connected in collecting and processing.
Both methods use analytic operations and compute numbers as needed.


Using calculation and simulation in research to estimate the effectiveness of the monitor system

5. Creativeness and innovativeness – how wireless technology was utilized

a. The newness of the project:

Designing a high-performance and low-cost obstacle monitoring box using wireless technology in the market with many expensive surveillance devices is now one of the biggest challenges for the research team.
It is also the novelty of a modern surveillance device to be suitable for all users, from the railway industry to the households. The team has succeeded in producing equipment that satisfies very high requirements and completes the project with high quality, plus scientific publications with the highest levels of gray matter.

b. The creativity of the project:

The project has used existing equipment sold in the Vietnamese market to carry out manufacturing and also uses the existing telecommunications network in our country to communicate. This is the most exceptional creativity of the project, ensuring timely replacement of damaged equipment and utilizing the current wireless technology network to connect monitoring.

Through this objective review, the economic benefits for installing railway wireless technology monitoring boxes are quite high, accounting for 98.82% for 1 year, and if considering 5 years, the benefit-cost is 80.24%. This proves that when the research is successful, in addition to improving the safety of the railway system, economic benefits are also significantly improved.
If you are interested in the project, please feel free to contact the PI – Dr. Do Xuan Phu at phu.dx@vgu.edu.vn for further details.



Regarding the subject of urban development in Viet Nam, there has been one tremendously practical factor that was not mentioned very often – urban flooding. The project from Dr. Vu Anh Tuan from Vietnamese-German University – which was just liquidated recently, takes a closer look at the effects of this matter on traffic, and propose a solution to minimize this impact on urban development.

1. Elevate the urban development research in Viet Nam

Sustainable urban development and transportation are one of VGU’s key research directions in recent years, with several projects focus on finding new methods to improve life in the cities. The project B2018-VGU-08 was finished in December 2019 and liquidated in March 2020, one of four projects funded by the Ministry of Education and Training in the period of 2018-2019.

General information:

Project Title: Developing and assessing traffic management measures under flooding conditions caused by heavy rains and high tide surge in Ho Chi Minh City
Project code: B2018-VGU-08
Principal investigator: Dr. Vu Anh Tuan
Research institution: Vietnamese-German University
Project direction: Sustainable urban development and transportation
Duration: 18 months (June 2018 – December 2019)

2. Managing flooding in urban development

The ultimate objective of the research is to formulate a set of weather-responsive traffic management measures to minimize the traffic impacts of heavy rains and urban floods. The study has three specific objectives for urban development as follows:

1) Collecting data (including surveys) and analyzing the levels of road flooding in HCMC due to heavy rains and high tidal rises.

2) Conducting travel behavior surveys and analyzing the patterns of travel behavior changes due to adverse weather conditions (before, during, and after the adverse weather), and its impacts on traffic and mobility.

3) Formulating traffic management strategies to mitigate the negative traffic impacts of heavy rains and urban floods.

3. Creativity and innovation

This research has contributed to the literature on the patterns of travel behavior changes under adverse weather conditions and urban flooding; the impacts of adverse weather and urban flooding on traffic and mobility in urban development sustainability, transport network capacity; the weather-responsive traffic management measures to minimize traffic impacts of heavy rains and urban floods.

This research has applied various techniques of analysis, for instances descriptive analysis, independence tests, binary logit models, and VISUM-based traffic simulation model, to (1) capture possible changes of people’s travel behavior under the adverse weather conditions; (2) quantify the impacts of adverse weather conditions, urban flooding and weather-responsive traffic management measures on traffic and mobility.

The value of research contribution is expressed by a methodology developed for assessing possible impacts of adverse weather and urban flooding and weather-responsive traffic management measures. The method could be used for designing traffic management solutions and further improved in future urban development researches.


Dr. Vu Anh Tuan presents the project and its effect on urban development

4. Research results – Creating an impact on urban development

The research has been completed concerning the goal of formulating a set of weather-responsive traffic management measures to minimize traffic impacts of heavy rains and floods in urban development. Specifically, three objectives have been achieved, including:

1) Collecting data of traffic volumes and flow speeds on 15 roads that floods have often occurred (i.e., surveys on regular and rainy days) and analyzing the levels of road flooding in HCMC due to heavy rains and/or high tidal rises and its impacts on traffic.

2) Conducting travel behavior surveys with 500 respondents and analyzing the patterns of travel behavior changes due to adverse weather conditions (before, during, and after the adverse weather), and its impacts on traffic and mobility in urban development.

3) Formulating traffic management strategies to mitigate the negative traffic impacts of heavy rains and urban floods.

A transport model has been built on VISUM and used for traffic impact assessment of proposed measures. The results of this research shall be a scientific base for practical design of traffic management measures to efficiently respond to heavy rains and urban floods in the urban development of HCMC, with a focus on potentially effective measures and specific road user groups (e.g., students, workers, and public transport users).


The project aims to improve on the urban development sustainability of Vietnam traffic system

5. Transfer method, beneficiary, and impacts of the research results:

The research results will be transferred to the Ministry of Education and Training for the purpose of education and research reference.

The research results will also be transferred to HCMC’s Department of Transport, Management Center of Saigon Tunnel (MCST), Center for Urban Road Infrastructure Management, Traffic Police, and District People’s Committees to refer to and may conduct further studies in urban development to bring the proposals into practice.
If you are interested in the project, please feel free to contact the PI – Dr. Vu Anh Tuan at drtuan.va@vgtrc.vgu.edu.vn for further details.

Sustainable Urban Development (SUD) is a full-time two-year (4-Semester) joint-degree Master Program offered by Vietnamese-German University (VGU) and Technical University of Darmstadt. Basics of urban planning and understanding of general urban structures are necessary to get an idea of sustainable urban development. Graduates from this course will be able to analyze and assess growing problems in urban areas critically and to develop appropriate solutions from different aspects (architectural, social, economic, ecological and institutional, etc.)



Environment science and water treatment have always been one of VGU’s essential directions in research. Therefore, we encourage not only the research staff and lecturers but also our students to participate in. One of our latest projects on the subject matter comes from one from Mechanical Engineering program, but with the passion for the environment and a new approach to water treatment solution, he had successfully created the textile wastewater treatment block with the electrochemical method.

1. Textile water treatment – the old-new story

Water treatment is used to call any process that improves the quality of water, could be for drinking, industrial usages, river flow conservation, or irrigation. Water treatment removes contaminants and undesirable components or reduces their concentration so that the water becomes fit for its desired end-use. Each purpose requires a different level of purification and specific water treatment methods.

Textile wastewater is highly polluted, characterized by high colorization as well as high Chemical and Biological Oxygen Demands (COD and BOD, respectively). For long, this is one of the industries that pose a dire threat to the environment if the water treatment is not operating per standard. The blooming of the fast fashion market surely did not help since clothes and garments are used at a more rapid pace nowadays. Currently, the primary and typical water treatment process is via biological agents. While it is a tried-and-true water treatment methods, the system is bulky, requiring a large amount of upfront capital to set up.

2. Electrochemical – a new method for water treatment in the textile industry

In March 2019, Mechanical Engineer student Tran Le Hoang, supervised by Dr. Tran Le Luu (Master Program in Water Technology, Reuse & Management), successfully defended the project on building a textile water treatment systems block with the electrochemical method. Recently, the research paper on this project has been accepted by the international scientific journal “Desalination and Water treatment” (ISI indexed, Q2, Officially Journal of European Desalination Society).

Electrochemical, using the interaction between electrical current and chemicals to run its reactions, is a new and relatively untested water treatment methods. However, within this project, it has shown its promises: being a simple system, easy to set up and to run. After five hours, practically all colors have been removed, with values of COD and BOD all fall within acceptable limits in Vietnamese Discharge for Wastewater. Despite being made on a small pilot scale, the water treatment systems only have a similarity in operational cost compared to a full-scale operating system using biological agents.


Textile water treatment systems block with the electrochemical method

3. The future of water treatment is promising

More and more research and project on water treatment have been developed lately as a direct response to the disastrous state of our environment right now. A new approach like Tran Le Hoang’s project is indeed the needle in the haystack the industry is waiting for. With the joint efforts of scientists and industries, there is hope that the water problem will be solved in the near future.

As a research-oriented university, VGU always cares about projects that affect the pressing issues in the world. Environment, water treatment, and climate change applications are one of the school’s main research directions. The Water Environmental Technology Labs at VGU is a modern and high-end lab in the field. Aim to present the students with new areas and methods of sustainable urban drainage, water supply, water treatment, and urban water management. The lab is accessible for the learning and scientific research of WTE students, provide them the exposure to the latest tech. With this strength in facilities, along with the support from our experienced lecturers, it is expectant that more researches on this water treatment topic will be carried out shortly, preferably by VGU students.

Reference: Tran Le Hoang, Tran Le Luu (2020) Fabrication of textile wastewater treatment block unit using the electrochemical method, Desalination and Water treatment, Accepted Manuscript.

VGU offers the 4-semester master’s program of Water Technology, Reuse, and Management (WTE) in associate with TU Darmstadt. Graduates will learn to define and describe the challenges of water treatment, water reuse, and water management of fast-growing cities and rural areas in a wide range. They know methods and processes which could be able to solve such problems as well as their advantages and disadvantages. The graduates can decide which methods and procedures have to be used to solve a particular problem, and they are also able to use such methods and processes in practice. Finally, they get the knowledge to adapt known methods and processes to develop new techniques and procedures to solve new problems in the future.



Recently, the satellite ground station project has attracted many interest and participation from both the bachelor program and master’s program students in Mechanical Engineering (ME) and Mechatronics and Sensor Systems Technology (MSST) department. The team member includes Võ Thành Đạt, Trần Anh Khoa, Nguyễn Minh Dũng, Lê Tự Quốc Nghi, Trần Lê Hoàng (all from ME bachelor program), with Nguyễn Văn Hóa Vũ (a student from the MSST master’s program) as a leader. This project, under the guidance and supervision of professor Võ Bích Hiển, professor Liu, and Mr. Đỗ Hữu Minh Hiếu, the lab engineer, has fulfilled the proposed criteria and has become the first milestone in astronomy study at Vietnamese-German University.


The students from the bachelor program of Mechanical Engineering with their project: Satellite ground station

1. Know-how about satellite ground station with Mechanical Engineering students

To understand better about this breakthrough project, the team members have provided us with some of the necessary information about satellite and astronomy science. These are not entirely taught in detail at a bachelor program or master’s program, but require a lot more in-depth learning and research on their own.

a) Satellite and ground station

In general, with a leap and bound advancement in science and technology today, more and more satellites, serving a variety of purposes, are launched into space. Therefore, a system capable of capturing the data sent from the satellites entirely with high precision in real-time is required.

The ground station has the capability of receiving, deciphering, decoding the data sent from the satellites traveling in multiple orbits. These satellites are in charge of collecting data for weather forecasting, environmental monitoring, remote sensing, measuring, etc. Retrieved data in their raw form is encrypted and encoded, with the corresponding decoder, the information such as picture, sound, data will be filtered. Serving as the medium, the ground station will transfer these encrypted data packs to the desire customers and users.

b) Designing the ground station

In order to capture these valuable data from the satellite in their fullest in real-time, information of satellites’ orbit will be updated continuously through appropriate propagation algorithms. Upon satellite position update, the mechanical system, specially designed to rotate about two axes: elevation and azimuth axis, will operate to rotate the attached antenna to always following and pointing to the designated satellite position automatically. By installing the Software-defined radio frequency kit, the ground station can operate with multiple different frequency bands.


The ground station collects encrypted data from multiple satellites and transfers them to their designated users

c) Functioning the ground station

With a visualized control interface, simple operations, the ground station is quite user-friendly, especially to an individual with limited knowledge about space and astronomy. With the direct and simplistic user interface, the station can be used as a teaching instrument in the field of communication, automation, design, mechanical manufacturing, etc.

2. Creating ground station from the Mechanical Engineering’s approach

According to the team member, due to technology independence, the manufacturing and operating cost are much smaller than the commercial versions of the ground station. The team has conducted many field trials, and the results are very positive, stable with high reliability. Currently, the system still has a lot of room for improvement, such as optimizing tracking algorithms, improving control systems, upgrading the mechanical system for more satellite compatibility, etc. Therefore, the team will continue searching for investors, cooperators with interest in this field of research. With this project’s success, the team would like to express that: Big journeys start with small steps! Mr. Vũ, the team leader from the MSST master’s program, hopes that their work would become an inspiration and motivation for the students from all other bachelor programs and master’s programs to pursue their dream projects.


Ground station operation principle in the project of VGU’s Mechanical Engineering students

For more details on the project, please follow the project journal page: https://sites.google.com/view/satgndstat

Contact person: Nguyễn Văn Hóa Vũ
Phone number: 0932 932 121
Email: 14979@student.vgu.edu.vn.

The bachelor program of Mechanical Engineering at VGU is a six-semester study program combining basic engineering sciences with fundamental natural sciences and mathematics. The program provides students with expert skills and knowledge needed for a career in the industry as well as a broad and solid academic foundation for the continuation of their studies in a master’s program.

The master’s program of Mechatronics and Sensor Systems Technology at VGU is composed of five main topics: sensor fundamentals, signal processing, control engineering & automation, industry 4.0, and sensor applications in the various field contain the fundamental knowledge of this program.



DESL project is the first ERASMUS+ program conducted at the Vietnamese-German University. This partnership is a great step in the process of expanding the scope of VGU’s research projects and establishing our position as a research-oriented university.


The DESL research project is a grant international cooperation in the field

The DESL research project

The European Union’s Erasmus+ program is a funding scheme to support activities in the fields of Education, Training, Youth, and Sport, which is made up of three so-called “Key Actions” [Mobility; Cooperation and Policy] and two additional actions [Jean Monnet and sport]. They are managed partly at the national level by National Agencies and partly at the European level by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA).

In 2019, the research project on Developing Energy-Efficient and Smart Lighting Education in Vietnam & Myanmar (DESL) was funded under the Erasmus+ of the European Union with the grant agreement number is 2019-1993/001-001. It was signed on November 26, 2019, and will be conducted for 36 months. This project belongs to the key action 2 – Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices.

The project is involved by five country partners which include 09 university partners: the Aalto University – Finland; Technische Universiteit Eindhoven – the Netherlands; Univerza V Ljubljani – Slovenia; Mandalay Technological University and Yangon Technological University – Myanmar; and the HCMC University of Technology, Thu Dau Mot University, Eastern International University, and the Vietnamese-German University – Vietnam.


The project concerns the sustainable use of energy and smart lighting

2. Research goal

Following are the overall aim of the project: (1) Raise the awareness and to identify needs and opportunities inefficient lighting, (2) Develop new courses in energy-efficient smart lighting based on the local needs, (3) Modernize the laboratory infrastructure to enhance the learning environments, (4) Enhance and upgrade the skills and competences of teaching staff, and (5) Strengthen the cooperation between university, industry, public sectors and society for the promotion of energy-efficient lighting.

3. Work Packages (WP)

The project consists of 05 Work Packages (WP):
– WP 1: Needs assessment and analysis (leader VGU – Dr. Chan Thai of Vietnamese-German University)
– WP 2: Development of new courses and lighting laboratory (leader TU/e – Dr. Juliette van Duijnhoven)
– WP 3: Quality assurance and monitoring (leader Aalto – Dr. Pramod Bhusal)
– WP 4: Dissemination, promotion, and collaboration with industry & society (leader YTU – Dr. Okka)
– WP 5: Project Management and communication (leader Aalto – Dr. Pramod Bhusal)

To ensure the success of our research project, we expect the primary outcomes per Work Package as below:
– Enhanced skills and expertise of students access to advanced education and research in the lighting field,
– Improved the academic excellence of teaching staffs, enhancement of skills and mobility of teaching staff,
– Improved quality of education and research in the area of smart and energy-efficient lighting,
– Enhanced linkage and cooperation between HEIs, Industry, public bodies, and society in the partner countries.

4. First step of the process

To conduct the WPs of the DESL project and achieve the expected outcomes, the project leaders and the representatives of 09 partners together had a kick-off meeting in Yangon, Myanmar, from 16 to January 17, 2020. During the two-day workshop, we discussed and finalized the responsibility of each partner in terms of project management, organization, financial management, and reporting. Moreover, Vietnamese-German University, the representative of partner countries together with Aalto University (program country), were invited to join the Grant Holders’ Meeting in Brussels, 27-28 Jan 2020, held by EACEA. The meeting provided useful information regarding research project management as well as the critical related notices.

The WP1 “Need Assessment and Analysis” includes two main objectives (1) Exploring essential needs and opportunities for improving lighting in Vietnam and Myanmar in terms of quality, efficiency, and sustainability through education development and (2) Identifying a variety of crucial shortcomings in lighting education in Myanmar and Vietnam. As the leader of WP1, Vietnamese-German University will coordinate partners to conduct the main activities, including:

– Awareness-raising seminars and stakeholder workshops [the workshop will be held at VGU on 2-3 March 2020].
– Prepare the questionnaires and conduct surveys.
– Need Assessment Report (propose/update the courses and lab equipment list).


The representative of Yangon Technology University hands over the gift to the Vice-President of VGU – Dr. Ha Thuc Vien

The final beneficiaries of the research project are professionals in the building industry chain, lighting industry equipment producers and lighting efficiency service providers, and government officials, energy regulators, NGOs. The project intends to upgrade the existing courses and design new directions in energy-efficient lighting to train the workforce needed for the development of each partner country. The proposed project actions are also aimed at enabling teaching staff to receive upgraded training of skills as well as knowledge, provide them with the state of art tools for education and learning, improve their pedagogical and methodical capacities, provide international exposure and experience, and establish linkage and corporation among academic institution, industry, and policymakers.

* Vietnamese-German University’s project coordinator: Dr. Trung La Vinh (trung.lv@vgu.edu.vn); WP1’s leader: Dr. Chan Thai (chan.ttd@vgu.edu.vn).